Balinese and JavaneseDance
Hindu origin, in which dance signifies creation, dance traveled to
Indonesia where it found its own means of expression.
The Balinese and Javanese dances that we know today have existed for
centuries. The first evidence of these dances can be seen in the bas-reliefs
on the Borobudur Temple, in central Java, constructed in the 8th century
dance is tightly connected to religion. The peak is situated somewhere
around the 16th century during the era of the great Hindu kingdoms.
During the 1920's and 1930's Balinese dance found a new élan.
New dances, which were shorter and used in non-religious occasions,
were created from the old forms.
Javanese dance was originaly a court dance, performed during ceremonies
in the court. Starting at the beginning of this century and especially
during the last few decades many new dances have been created from
more modern inspiration.
is a Balinese dance of welcome. Perfomed in Bali at the beginning
of an artistic ceremony. It permits the temple dancers to welcome
the visiters and to pay them homage with a rain of flower petals.
is a Balinese dance that evokes the love between two bumblebees.This
dance is one of the last creations of the celebrated dance teacher,
I Mario, in the 1950's.
dance expresses the character of a young man who is proud and sure of
himself, in the prime of his life. "Taruna" means "young man" and "Jaya"
means "victorious". But his mood changes quickly, sometimes he is smiling
and sometimes angry or provocitive. This dance is from Northern Bali
known for its fast and dynamic music.
is a new Balinese dance creation which represents young herons with
their mother in the middle of a pond flying here and there looking
is a relatively recent creation by a renowned central Javanese choreographer,Bagong
Kusiardjo, whose compositions are inspired by the basic gestures and
expressions of Balinese and Javanese dance. This dance represents
a woman warrior armed with a bow and arrow."Wira" means "warrior"
and "Pertiwi" means "homeland".
is a danse style of working-class origins from the Sunda region in
west Java. It integrates martial art movements but in a "hidden" way.
The music and singing have Arabic infuences.Originally this dance
wae performed in the villages for weddings. A female dancer would
improvise and then invite the guests to dance.The Jaipongan has again
become very popular and is performed for diverse occasions.